Do we want to live off of dirty oil?

Posted in rants, resources, video on January 14th, 2013 by brooke

I just saw this video on Facebook, created by … Sustainable Guidance? Not sure who that is exactly. While I’m very aware that this is biased (but what isn’t these days), I found it very interesting. Some big questions that come to my mind: How do we increase transparency and accountability for the oil sands? How do we decrease dependance on oil?

In my humble opinion, the risks associated with this development are way too high. There is not enough transparency and accountability to show just how much pressure the developers and oil companies are under to take responsibility for the environmental and health impacts of this enormous project. It makes more sense to go from a ‘better safe than sorry’ approach – if we aren’t sure that something is safe, continue to conduct proper, diligent testing until you are sure. And make sure that those who would benefit from a project aren’t paying for the research…

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Why I don’t want to be Canadian right now

Posted in rants on December 13th, 2011 by brooke

Say NO to Stephen Harper

Thanks to for this great pic

I’ve been saying this more and more recently, but now I really mean it. I’m embarrassed to be a Canadian. The damn icing on the cake is the recent news that the Harper Government (which doesn’t adequately represent all of Canadians, so I’ll refrain from calling it the Canadian Government) has withdrawn from the Kyoto protocol.

This is on top of Canada’s insane exploitation of Alberta’s oil sands through a devastatingly high-impact extraction process that uses 2-5 barrels of water to produce 1 barrel of oil while contaminating groundwater and freshwater in the entire area. The mines created in order to extract the oil are some of the largest in the world. It’s estimated that the emissions generated in order to refine tar sands oil is 3 times more than conventional oil production. Well, I guess we wouldn’t have met our Kyoto emissions targets anyhow….

Next is our pathetic attempt at establishing TransCanada’s Keystone XL Pipeline, which was stalled because the Obama Administration recognized that much more research on the environmental impact needed to be done. Why? Because the proposed pipeline was to go through environmentally sensitive areas that, should a rupture occur, would be devastated. More PB oil spills anyone? As to be expected, this has tainted American’s view of us Canadians. Wait, aren’t we supposed to be the good guys?

To add another layer to the cake, the Harper Government’s inability to properly manage our environmental impact and seeming disinterest in funding Environment Canada is the scorn of environmental critics everywhere, including the the federal commissioner of the environment and sustainable development. According to the scathing report, our industries aren’t properly held accountable for ineffectively transporting dangerous goods across our country. Yikes.

Oh and now here’s another layer – and it’s a big one! The recent US-Canada border deal apparently has the potential to significantly save some cash, simplify trade and reduce border bottleneck. But at what cost? One example: “To reduce border choke points, the deal calls for officials to inspect shipments arriving from offshore at the perimeter. That means a shipment destined for Canada but arriving first in the United States would be inspected only once, by Americans.” (Emphasis added.)

Ottawa intends to harmonize commercial regulations with the U.S. that could have significant impact on Canadians. Rules governing agriculture and food products are just one area where there may be changes. For instance, the two countries seem intent on creating a “common meat nomenclature” in the years ahead to end discrepancies in classification of cuts. But there are also likely to be changes across a wide range of products, including vehicle safety standards, boating gear such as life jackets, health products, workplace chemicals, environmental standards and the approval process for new prescription drugs.


And we trust agencies like the FDA to screen Canadian-bound goods???? This means products containing GMOs from big agricultural firms are soon to be crossing our border. Other things like labelling, preservative use and testing methodologies will be unified too. Franken-food anyone?

These examples are just a few of the recent failures on the part of our Harper Government. Now, back to that icing on the cake. The Kyoto Protocol. Essentially it was designed to encourage major emitters in the ‘developed’ world to take responsibility for the emissions we have spewed out since our industrial revolution. While I have to admit I think it’s emission reduction targets could have been much harsher, what it symbolized is pretty critical: the unity of the world’s nations to fighting climate change and reducing its impacts. Now that Harperites have said ‘no’ – arguing that if the major emitters aren’t signed on, neither are we – we’re showing that we just don’t give a shit. Apparently the cost of reducing our emissions, which would require breaking our addiction to dirty oil, is too much. Do they not know that catastrophic shifts in the environment will jack up the bill too? Oh wait, they probably won’t even be in power by then, so why would they care if it’s someone else’s mess to clean up? Now we’re the subject of intense global scorn on the issue. Thanks a lot, Harper.

So, to sum up my disappointment. As a Canadian, I believe in respecting and protecting our valuable resources, which we are so fortunate to have. I also believe in protecting our health through tough food regulations and inspection, as well as putting an emphasis on sustainable, local and organic agriculture. Also important is my belief that as one of the chief emitters of CO2, it is our obligation to reduce these emissions and invest heavily in renewable energy. I know I’m not alone on these beliefs and I’m petrified to think of what else Harper is going to do with his newfound power as a majority government. It’s really time to tell them to get their act together. Otherwise, being Canadian is going to get a whole lot worse.

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Getting back into blogging

Posted in rants on December 2nd, 2011 by brooke

It’s been a loooooong time since I’ve posted on my blog, The Eco Advocate, and have since posted so many ideas, frustrations and inspirations on Facebook that I’ve pretty much turned it into a blog… But Facebook really doesn’t do it justice, so with all these things going around in my brain, I’m about to explode.

‘I need a blog!!!’ I was thinking. But, wait. I have one! Silly me.

Time to remember my login and start typing again. Even if it’s just for me. : ) If anyone out there is reading this, hope you like it!

Some things I’ve been sharing on Facebook lately:

Windowfarms let you grow fresh vegetables at home by taking advantage of natural light and climate control indoors. (Via / Kickstart)

Windowfarms let you grow fresh vegetables at home by taking advantage of natural light and climate control indoors. (Via / Kickstart)

Brand New Windowfarms- Vertical Food Gardens
Grow fresh food in your windows even during the winter without dirt!
via Kickstarter

This file photo released by Greenpeace shows the boat Arctic Sunrise reaching the ice bridge in the Robeson channel, near the border between Greenland and Canada on September 14, 2009. Research published in a top scientific journal says Arctic sea ice has declined more in the last half-century than it has any time over the last 1,450 years. (AFP PHOTO/HANDOUT/GREENPEACE/NICK COBBING (Via Huffington Post)

This file photo released by Greenpeace shows the boat Arctic Sunrise reaching 'the ice bridge' in the Robeson channel, near the border between Greenland and Canada on September 14, 2009. Research published in a top scientific journal says Arctic sea ice has declined more in the last half-century than it has any time over the last 1,450 years. (AFP PHOTO/HANDOUT/GREENPEACE/NICK COBBING (Via Huffington Post)

Arctic Sea Ice Decline Greatest, Longest In 1,450 Years: Study
“No matter how good we are, no matter how much we respect women, the biases the women in our lives struggle against are the same biases fueling our success.”
via The Huffington Post

15 Food Companies that Serve You ‘Wood’
Not sure if this applies in Canada, but at least in the US, there’s a lot more in your food than you’d like to know. Like tree fibers. Yum…
via Food Freedom

The EU has provisionally imposed penalties severe enough to make it difficult for Canada to sell tar sands oil in Europe, but Britain is working to undermine that stance. Photograph: Jeff Mcintosh/AP (Via The Guardian)

The EU has provisionally imposed penalties severe enough to make it difficult for Canada to sell tar sands oil in Europe, but Britain is working to undermine that stance. Photograph: Jeff Mcintosh/AP (Via The Guardian)

Britain’s promotion of Canada’s tar sands oil is idiotic
Now that the US has temporarily declined the Keystone pipeline, Canada pressures the UK to import our oil – and for some idiotic reason they seem to be bowing to that pressure. I think Harper’s a bully. Not cool.
via The Guardian

James Schwartz/CC BY 2.0 (Via Tree Hugger)

James Schwartz/CC BY 2.0 (Via Tree Hugger)

Re:Cycling- Bike Activists Use Trash To Prove That Bike Lanes Work
Sadly, it sometimes takes a tragedy for real change to happen…
via TreeHugger

Ok, that didn’t really count as a real post but I’ll soon get back into the swing of things, I promise!!! Stay tuned.

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My canned food contains WHAT??

Posted in rants on November 6th, 2009 by brooke

According to a recent post on Grist, independent research has shown that high levels of Bisphenol A, commonly known as BPA, can be found in our canned food and drinks.

BPA is a main ingredient in most plastic, a material that currently dominates our lives. What’s unfortunate about the stuff is that it is a known endocrine disruptor. “Low-level exposure to BPA adversely affects male and female reproduction, thyroid function, metabolism, and could increase obesity,” according the a recent statement by the Endocrine Society. Prolonged exposure has been found to lead to increased likelihood of heart disease and diabetes.

BPA is found in most canned food

However, what’s shocking is that manufacturers use the stuff to line our food and drink cans, and industry lobbyists are pulling the US Food and Drug Administration’s strings like puppeteers so that they can continue to expand this multi-billion dollar industry.

Besides canned goods, food substances that are actually packaged in plastic clearly contain more of the toxic substance.

In October 2008, the Canadian government issued a statement proclaiming it would draft regulations to prohibit the import, sale and advertising of baby bottles containing BPA (made of plastic). However, Health Canada still maintains that the amounts consumed by adults is within regulations. Nevertheless, retailers like Mountain Equipment Coop still pulled BPA-containing plastic water bottles off the shelves.

As a consumer, it’s hard to know what to avoid, considering all the different takes on the issue. Generally, the rule of thumb is if you must purchase products packaged in plastic, avoid ones with the recycling code 7 and containers that are unmarked, as they are more likely to contain BPA. Ones marked ’7 PC’ will always contain BPA.

Likewise, most plastic food containers are only meant for one-time use, as they are not strong enough to deal with cleaning, freezing and thawing. Eat Right Ontario states: “Do not use containers that are damaged, stained or have unpleasant smells and never use a container not meant for storing food.” While they tell you to recycle these containers rather than reuse them, I say avoid plastic products and packaging altogether.

I still find it hard to believe that any exposure is acceptable at all. Frankly, why would we take the risk when our health is concerned?

If you are still not convinced, you can read up on the topic via a few links below.

Related links:
Bisphenol A on Wikipedia
Endocrine disruptor on Wikipedia
Bisphenol A official website
Official BPA factsheet from the Government of Canada

Endocrine Society released scientific statement on endocrine-disrupting chemicals” on Endocrine Today
Concern over canned foods by Consumer Report
Chemical Fallout: A Journal Sentinel Watchdog Report by Journal Sentinel online
A Survey of Bisphenol A in U.S. Canned Foods by Environmental Working Group

Alternatives to plastic:
Klean Kanteen
– reusable, PBA-free, stainless steel water bottles
Stainless steel lunch containers
, available on
Eden Organic Beans are packaged in BPA-free cans

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The cost of living ‘green’

Posted in rants on October 19th, 2009 by brooke

I was just recently asked about living ‘green’ on a budget. Or, “more specifically, how to live modestly with rising costs for food, clothing, etc.” I guess it’s a good question, since it really got me thinking!

What’s interesting about this question to begin with is that it indicates the bizarre mentality around ‘green’ living. That is, that it’s expensive.

People tend be weary of the current environmental direction because it’s perceived as being costly. However, when you compare the short and long term costs of ‘business as usual’ versus ‘action to curb climate change’, the long term costs of the former are way more. To me, the longer-term savings of living ‘green’ in the financial, personal and environmental senses are undeniable.

While it does seem hard to live green on a budget if you’re thinking that you need to retrofit your house or buy a hybrid car. However, if you don’t have the money to begin with, those are out of the question. If you are looking for immediate savings with environmental benefit, it’s totally possible, and simple.

Living green to me means so many things. Invest in your local economy; encourage green, sustainable, ethical businesses; minimize unnecessary consumption of goods that have a limited life span (look up planned obsolescence); consume less goods generally; purchase used goods when possible; avoid creating excess waste; cut down on energy use and switch over to renewable energies; eat less meat and eat locally grown food; walk, bus or bike more; etc. etc.

To put it bluntly, the key factor here seems to be about buying and producing less crap.

All of these things also involve saving money and spending money wisely. There are so many things that facilitate this, like thrift stores, health food and bulk stores, eco-quartiers, websites like, public transit, etc.

These resources exist, you just have to know they are there.  In places that aren’t as eco-minded as parts of Montreal are, maybe these resources are harder to find. In such cases, people must be innovative and create them together, or demand them from the local government. (I see a future blog post here… hmm.)

There are also tonnes of little ways to be eco-friendly around your home, work and school that involve simply being creative and resourceful. This includes things like reusing your plastic bags, having shorter showers, not leaving your fridge empty, printing less documents, turning unused lights and appliances off completely, etc. I could go on and on (I guess that’ll be another blog post too)!

But really, if you are smart enough to recognize that things need to change, you are certainly smart enough to figure out what you can do. And don’t just think about it. Do it. Your wallet, your health, your community and your earth will thank you.

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Advocating for better bike laws

Posted in rants on October 18th, 2009 by brooke

As a cyclist in the city of Montreal, I’m a keen advocate for better, more bike-friendly traffic laws. Often as I bike home from work, I find myself grumbling at the level of disrespect for cyclists, especially coming from many car drivers out there. As a result, many cyclists have a high level of spite for cars and car-focused traffic laws. This car-versus-bike stigma, I believe, is likely one of the causes for many accidents in our city.

Also a factor is the number of both speedsters and amateurs out there. By speedsters I generally mean the overconfident and reckless type who think they have such amazing driving or cycling skills that they don’t need to obey the law, who tailgate, speed, run red lights and stop signs and generally annoy the hell out of everyone else. By amateurs I mean inconsistent and nervous drivers and cyclists who drive to slowly, stop or slow down frequently and irrationally, and tend to be also annoying for everyone else.

Now, no matter the case, anyone who does something illegal or irrational, whether a driver, a cyclist, or even a pedestrian, tends to be considered a nuisance for those around them. What ends up happening is that these actually few number of people causing alarm come to represent the whole driving or cycling population, as stereotypes do (clearly, I succumb to making these stereotypes too, as the above paragraph makes clear). How often do I hear people complaining about “those damn cyclists, always biking the wrong way down one-way street, wearing all black with no lights at all.” Clearly not every single cyclist does this. Same with drivers, who “are always running reds, cutting cyclists off, and opening their doors without looking.” Again, not every driver is this irresponsible. But everyone is looking for someone else to blame.

Blame aside, it’s obvious to me that there needs to be more respect on both sides for both sides (and, yes, throw pedestrians in there too, I can’t forget about those, but that’s a slightly different discussion, in my opinion). Likewise, traffic laws must recognize that drivers and cyclists are not the same, and should not be expected to comply to the same set of rules.

The following is a fantastic video about the “Idaho stop law”, one that recognizes the futility in forcing cyclists to stop at stop signs in the way cars do. It, in fact, makes cyclists obey stop signs the way a driver would approach a yield sign – with caution, but without unnecessary stops. This is a very logical decision, as this is what most cyclist do anyhow. The amount of energy it would take for a cyclist to actually travel somewhere while stopping completely at every stop sign would make cycling immensely inefficient.

On top having awesome animation, this video is just plain logical. Take a look:

Bicycles, Rolling Stops, and the Idaho Stop from Spencer Boomhower on Vimeo.

In a recent article in Slate Magazine, a number of really interesting arguments are put forward from varying perspectives on the approach to traffic legislation in regards to cyclists and drivers. Of note is the argument by those called ‘vehicularists’, a group who think cyclists should be treated as cars, without sympathy or disrespect. While I’m not in full accord with this thinking, some statistics have shown that segregating cars and cyclists, on bike paths for example, actually is a sign of disrespect for cyclist and in fact increases the occasion of accidents. I can understand this, especially in a city like Montreal where there is not as grand of a cycling culture as there is in, say, Copenhagen (my favorite example of a bike-friendly city). In a combined intersection of car lanes and bike paths, cars often forget that the cyclists are there and make quick turns into bike traffic. A number of other interesting historical elements and legislative examples make this article a very good one. You should take a read.

Either way, however, I still believe that cars and bikes are not the same, and should not be treated so. I have been a driver, I understand the immense amount of power in such a large vehicle, compared to a bicycle. I do not for one second think that cyclists are equal to drivers in dangerous situations as, clearly, a cyclist is much more vulnerable. Likewise, a bicycle is much smaller and can maneuver much better in tight situations.

Cyclists need to be given the protection of pedestrians and the respect of cars. By this mean they should be allowed to take over a lane in dangerous conditions to avoid being driven off the road, should be required to stop at heavy traffic intersections and heavily fined for speeding through said intersections (not to mention speeding at all), should not weave through traffic, cut of pedestrians and ride on busy sidewalks, nor be relegated to only bike lanes. However, cyclists should have the right to make rolling stops in empty intersections, should not necessarily be fined for biking slowly on low-traffic sidewalks or cautiously going against traffic on a one-way street when there is no traffic, and approached with caution by drivers, as cyclists are as vulnerable and susceptible to grave injury as are pedestrians.

The common element between cyclists, drivers and pedestrians is that we are all just trying to get somewhere in our own way. If we recognize the need for and benefit of a multi-faceted system, one that enables and facilitates a safe and respectful travel environment for all players, we can all join together to make it work.

And, last but not least, cyclist should be given thanks. Thanks, that is, for reducing the number of cars on the roads, cutting down on traffic jams, and thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Cyclists are healthier people, and by being so are making our air cleaner for all. This cannot and should not be ignored!

A system that encourages alternative modes of transportation (bikes, buses, walking, trains, subways, etc.) is an intelligent one – one that shows compassion for those who cannot afford a car, and one that demonstrates an understanding of our duty as people to respect and protect our current natural environment so that there is one for future generations to come.

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We don’t need to invent better food. Food was good to begin with.

Posted in rants on October 17th, 2009 by brooke

A recent article I saw online called ‘Growing Greener Greens‘ talks about scientists enhancing the nutritional value of otherwise nutrient-lacking greens in order to make people healthier, through ‘conventional breeding techniques’ and new types of fertilizer.

At a first glance, it sounds alright. However, I’ve just come to realize just how incredibly horrible chemical fertilizer is.

Nitrogen fertilizers are used to increase crop yields, but end up in waterways and oceans, depleting oxygen and inhibiting the growth of life! This type of fertilizer is also made from fossil fuels, a non-renewable resource.

During the ‘Green Revolution’, post WWII, there was a significant increase in the American use of chemical fertilizers, as they were using the leftover chemicals from the war. Is our food is grown using chemicals originally developed to kill people? I’ll have to check that out another time… gross.

Anyhow, all these chemical fertilizers are being used to replace natural ones, ones that have been removed from the farm scene in the shift towards mono-cultures and specialized farming. Farm animals, be it cows, pigs, goats, or whatever, make the best fertilizer. Now we put our cows in big manure-filled pens where they are forced to eat corn (which is not at all good for them), and we then dump their manure into little ponds because it’s too toxic to use as fertilizer. Then it ends up contaminating our waterways. Strange, this idea of progress.

It seems to me like our quest for efficiency through specialization has blinded us to the efficiency that nature has figured out through the complex interrelatedness of life over billions of years. We’re so obsessed with our new technologies, convinced that we could do it better than nature, but nature’s got it figured out, my friends.

So, in our quest to feed the starving world, why are we spending so much time and energy making ‘better’ food? We should be fixing this messed up system that encourages over-production and plummeting prices, lower-quality food due to depleted soil quality, and excess consumption by already over-fed people.

There is enough food to go around, it’s just all controlled by those who already have too much. Food system FAIL.

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